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Title: The Use of Sustainable Financial Instruments in Relation to the Social Impact Investment: ESG Policies, Capital Markets’ Approach and Investors’ Protection: An Innovative Perspective for a Global Surveillance Authority
Authors: Panagopoulos, Athanasios 
Tzionas, Ioannis 
Author Department Affiliations: Department of Business Administration 
Department of Balkan, Slavic & Oriental Studies 
Author School Affiliations: School of Business Administration 
School of Economic and Regional Studies 
Subjects: FRASCATI__Social sciences__Economics and Business
FRASCATI__Social sciences__Economics and Business__Business and Management
Keywords: Social Impact Investment
Labour policies
Social Action Plan
Financial Products
Public Employment Service
Global Surveillance Authority
Sustainable financial instrument
Issue Date: Mar-2023
Publisher: Sciedu Press
Journal: International Journal of Business Administration 
ISSN: 1923-4007
Volume: 14
Issue: 1
Start page: 87
End page: 123
Social Impact Investment (SII) refers to the provision of finance to organizations addressing social needs. It is intended to achieve both a social impact as well as garner financial returns. Thus, SII may be understood as a business case for what was previously considered mostly philanthropic activities. In the case of SRI (Sustainable and Responsible Investment), investors decide in which company to invest on the basis of Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) criteria. They consider a company's performance with respect to its effects on nature, its relationships with employees, clients and society, and the transparency of its governance. Where possible, companies should provide quantitative, comparable and forward-looking performance metrics to facilitate ESG integration. It is recommended that companies should use credible indicators which are included in internationally recognised reporting frameworks like GRI, SASB, IIRC, TCFD, CDP or UNGC. Companies should disclose their methodology and provide explanations to support quantitative indicators (ESG metrics), establishing the link between ESG and financial performance. The investor perspective is in important issue, which should be taken under consideration by European and local supervising authorities, under the provisions of the Market Abuse Directive and the MiFID, especially after the introduction and use of ESG and sustainable financial instruments, in both, Banking and Capital Markets. Therefore, SII can be a very useful tool for achieving EU Social Policy objectives. EU efforts (DG EMPL/FISMA) can be targeted at four specific aims that concern impact measurement: 1) promotion of the standardisation of impact measurement through the further development of the taxonomy regulations to include social objectives or the creation of standardised guidelines or the further development of ESG metrics; 2) capacity building in the area of impact measurement; 3) increasing the availability of the data needed; and 4) the promotion of additional and more specialized sustainable financial instruments linked to the Banking Sector and Capital Markets, which in turn will leverage more the total investment amount derived from the InvestEU tool and offer to all stakeholders more flexibility. Therefore, the global liquidity will be increased, and a strong economic turmoil could be avoided under the surveillance of a theoretically established Global Surveillance Authority. The use of sustainable financial instruments by a P.E.S. (social enterprise) under a public-private partnership (PPPs) is also feasible and socially rewarding.
DOI: 10.5430/ijba.v14n1p87
Rights: CC0 1.0 Universal
Corresponding Item Departments: Department of Business Administration
Department of Balkan, Slavic & Oriental Studies
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